Giovanni Cimabue (13th--14th centuries)

Crucifix (Uffizi museum in Florence)


Simone Martini (1280?-1344)

Annunciation (1333) in Uffizi museum (Florence)


Bernardo Daddi (1290?-1348)

Virgin & Child in Orsanmichele (Florence)


Giotto di Bondone (1266-1337)

Frescos of the life of Saint Francis of Assisi in the Bardi Chapel in church of Santa Croce (1317).

Belfry of the Duomo (Cathedral) of Florence.

Crucifix in the Uffizi museum

Frescos of the life of Saint Francis at the church of Saint Francis in Assisi (1300-01)

Frescos of the Judgment Day and of the life of Jesus and Mary, in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua (1303-05).


Andrea Pisano (first half of 14th century)

Life of Saint John the Baptist & Virtues, Southern Doors of the Baptistry in Florence (1330-1360)


Orcagna (Andrea di Cione Archangelo)

Orsanmichele Tabernacle (1359)


Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446)

Trial Relief for bronze doors of Baptistry in Florence, now in the Bargello Museum (1401)

Cupola on the Duomo (Cathedral) of Florence (1418-1446).

L'Ospedale degli Innocenti (1419-1424)

Church of San Lorenzo (1421)

Church of Santo Spirito (1428)

Pazzi Chapel in church of Santa Croce

Pitti Palace


Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378-1455)

Trial Relief for bronze doors of Baptistry, Florence, Bargello (1401)

North Doors, Baptistery of Florence (1403-24)

East Doors ("The Gates of Paradise"), Baptistery, Florence (1425-52)


Donatello (1386-1466)

Marble David, Florence, Bargello (1408-09)

St. George, marble; originally at Orsanmichele, Florence, now Bargello (1416)

Saint Peter, bronze; originally at Orsanmichele.

The Feast of Herod, bronze relief from front of Baptistery, Siena (1423-27)

Bronze David, Bargello (c. 1430-32)

Tabernacle of the Annunciation, marble relief, Santa Croce, Florence (c. 1435)

Relief of the Miracle of the Mule, from high altar of Sant'Antonio, Padua (1446-50)

The Miracle of the Wrathful Son, Sant'Antonio, Padua

Equestrian Statue of Gattamelata, Piazza of Sant'Antonio, Padua (1447-53)


Fra Angelico (1387-1455)

Coronation of the Virgin, Uffizi Museum, Florence (c. 1430)

Madonna of the Linaiuoli (Linen Weavers Guild), San Marco, Florence (1433)

Deposition from the Cross, San Marco (1440)

Adoration of the Magi (with Fra Filippo Lippi), National Gallery, Washington (c. 1440)


Paolo Uccello (1397-1475)

Battle of San Romano (Uffizi Gallery)

Stain glass window in the Duomo of Florence


Luca Della Robbia (1400-1482)

Cantoria (1431-38)

Resurrection (Duomo of Florence)

Madonna of the Roses

Lunette with Virgin and Child


Masaccio (1401-28)

The Tribute Money, Brancacci Chapel, Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence (1422-27)

Expulsion from Paradise, Brancacci Chapel

The Trinity, Church of Santa Maria Novella, Florence (c. 1425)


Leon Battista Alberti (1404-1472)

Façade of the church of Santa Maria Novella


Fra Filippo Lippi (c. 1406-1469)

Adoration of the Child, Berlin, originally in chapel of Medici Palace, Florence (c. 1445)

Madonna and Child with Smiling Angel, Uffizi, Florence (c. 1458)


Filippino Lippi (1457-1504)

Adoration of the Magi (Uffizi, Florence)


Piero della Francesca (1416-92)

Embassy of Queen of Sheba to Solomon, fresco, Cathedral, Arezzo (1455-62)

Discovery and Proof of the True Cross, Arezzo

Detail of above, Dead Man revived by the True Cross

Baptism of Christ, National Gallery, London (c. 1445)

Flagellation of Christ, Ducal Palace, Urbino (c. 1459)

Madonna of the Duke of Urbino, Brera Gallery, Milan (1472)

Resurrection, Gallery of Borgo San Sepolcro (c. 1465)


Andrea del Castagno (1423-57)

Last Supper, Sant'Appollonia, Florence (c. 1452)

Pippo Spanno, from fresco of Famous Men and Women, Sant'Appollonia (c. 1451)


Bertoldo di Giovanni (c. 1420-91)

Battle Scene, bronze relief, Bargello, Florence

The Crucifixion, bronze relief, Bargello, Florence


Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-88)

Incredulity of Saint Thomas, Orsanmichele (1476-83)

Tomb of Piero I and Giovanni dei Medici, S. Lorenzo, Florence (1472)

Guiliano dei Medici, terracotta, National Gallery, Washington, (c. 1478)

Lorenzo dei Medici ("Lorenzo the Magnificent"), terracotta, Washington

Baptism of Christ, Uffizi, Florence (1473-75)

Madonna and Child, National Gallery, London (c. 1470)

Madonna and Child with Holy Spirit, terracotta, Bargello

Madonna and Child, painted terracotta, Bargello (c. 1475)

David, Bargello (1476)

Putto with Dolphin, fountain in courtyard of Palazzo della Signoria, Florence (1478)

Putto poised on a Globe, National Gallery, Washington

Bronze Equestrian statue of Bartolommeo Colleoni, Campo of SS. Giovanni e Paolo, Venice (1479-88).

Lady with the Primroses, bust in marble, Bargello, Florence (c. 1480)

Equestrian statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni (Venice)


Luca Signorelli (1441-1523)

Altarpiece of the Circumcision, National Gallery, London (c. 1484)

Portrait of an Old Man, Berlin (c. 1500)

Madonna and Child, Metropolitan Museum, New York

Madonna and Child, Uffizi (c. 1490)

The School of Pan, Berlin (c. 1490; destroyed 1945)

Brizio Chapel, Cathedral of Orvieto (1499-1504):

First bay of vault (begun c. 1450 by Fra Angelico)

The Doctors of the Church

Portrait of Dante

The Elect and the Damned (altar wall)

The Preaching of Antichrist

The End of the World (arch over entrance)

The Resurrection of the Dead

The Calling of the Elect

The Fall of the Damned


Sandro Botticelli (1444-1510)

La primavera ("Spring"); Uffizi, Florence.

La nascita di Venere ("The Birth of Venus"); Uffizi, Florence.

Madonna of the Eucharist ("Chigi Madonna"), Isabella Stewart Gardener Museum, Boston (c. 1470)

Adoration of the Magi ("The Medici Adoration"), Uffizi, Florence (1478)


Domenico Ghirlandaio (1449-94)

Birth of the Virgin (fresco), Santa Maria Novella, Florence.

Birth of Saint John the Baptist (fresco), Santa Maria Novella, Florence.

Last Supper, Church of the Ognissanti, Florence (c. 1480)

Adoration of the Shepherds (tempera on panel), Sassetti Chapel, Church of Santa Trinita, Florence (1485)

The Confirmation of the Franciscan Order, fresco, Sassetti Chapel (1478)


Perugino (1450-1524)

Christ Giving the Keys to St. Peter, Sistine Chapel (1481-82)

Virgin Adoring the Child, National Gallery, London

The Vision of St. Bernard, Munich (c. 1494)

The Madonna Enthroned with Saints, Sinigaglia (c. 1497)

Adoration of the Shepherds, Collegio del Cambio, Perugia (1499-1500)

Fortitude and Temperance, Collegio del Cambio, Perugia (1498)

The Crucifixion, panel, National Gallery, Washington (c. 1496)

The Marriage of the Virgin, Museum, Gaen, France (1503-04)

Portrait of Francesco delle Opere (1494), Uffizi, Florence


Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

Ginevra dei Benci, National Gallery, Washington (1474)

Detail, emblem on back of panel

Annunciation, Uffizi (1472-73)

Annunciation, Louvre, Paris (c. 1475)

Adoration of the Magi, unfinished, Uffizi (1481-82)

Madonna of the Rocks, Louvre, Paris (c. 1483-84)

Madonna of the Rocks, National Gallery, London (1506-08)

Portrait of a Musician, Ambrosian Library, Milan (c. 1485)

Cecilia Gallerani ("The Lady with the Ermine"), Museum, Cracow, Poland (c. 1483)

La Belle Ferroniere, Louvre, Paris (c. 1490-95)

Isabella d'Este, drawing, Louvre, Paris (c. 1490)

The Last Supper, Sta. Maria delle Grazie, Milan (1495-98)

Mona Lisa ("La Giocanda"), Louvre, Paris (1503-06)

Madonna and Child with St. Anne and Infant Baptist, cartoon, National Gallery, London (c. 1498)

Madonna and Child with St. Anne, Louvre, Paris (1508-10)


Raphael (1483-1520)

The Dream of a Knight ("Dream of Scipio"), National Gallery, London (c. 1500)

Three Graces, Museum, Chantilly, France (1500-02)

St. George and the Dragon, National Gallery, Washington (c. 1504)

The Crucifixion, National Gallery, London (c. 1504)

The Marriage of the Virgin, Brera Gallery, Milan (??)

Madonna, Metropolitan Museum, New York (1504-05)

Predella panel of the above, The Agony in the Garden, Metropolitan

Another predella panel, Pietà, now Gardener Museum, Boston

The Ansidei Madonna, National Gallery, London (1505)

The Madonna of the Grand Duke, Pitti Gallery, Florence (c. 1505)

The Small Cowper Madonna, National Gallery, Washington (c. 1505)

The Niccolini-Cowper Madonna, Washington (c. 1507)

Madonna of the Fields, Vienna (c. 1507)

Madonna and Child with Infant St. John, ("La Belle Jardiniere"), Louvre, Paris (1506-07)

Madonna of the Goldfinch, Uffizi, Florence (1506-07)

The Entombment of Christ, Borghese Gallery, Rome (c. 1508)

The Alba Madonna, Washington (1508)


Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican (1508-11):


The Flaying of Marsyas


The Creation of the Heavens


The Judgement of Solomon


The Temptation

Wall Illustrating the Law

The Civil Law

Canonical Law

Jurisprudence (Fortitude, Prudence and Temperance)


The Discussion Concerning the Sacrament (La Disputa)

The School of Athens


Stanza d'Eliodoro, Vatican (1511-14)

The Expulsion of Heliodorus from the Temple (1514)

The Meeting of Pope Leo I and Attila

The Liberation of St. Peter from Prison

The Mass of Bolsena


Stanza dell'Incencio del Borgo, Vatican (1514-17)

Pope Leo IV's Defeat of the Saracens at the Battle of Ostia

Pope Leo IV extinguishing the Fire in the Borgo


St. Paul Preaching to the Athenians, tapestry cartoon, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, (1515-17)

The Miraculous Draught of Fishes, tapestry cartoon, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, (1515-17)

The Miraculous Draught of Fishes, tapestry woven in Brussels from above cartoon, Vatican Gallery

The Triumph of Galatea, Villa Farnesina, Garden Room, Rome (1512)

Loggia di Psyche, general view of Loggia, Villa Farnesina, Rome (1517-18)

Ceiling Painting, The Wedding of Cupid and Psyche

Council of Gods

Loggia of the Vatican (1517-19)

Grotesque ornament of pier of Loggia

Loggia with Story of Jacob

Jacob's Dream

Portrait of Angelo Doni, Pitti Palace, Florence (1515)

Maddalena Strozzi Doni, Pitti (1515)

Baldassare Castiglione, Louvre, Paris (c. 1515)

Giuliano dei Medici, Metropolitan Museum, New York (before 1516)

Pope Julius II, Pitti Palace (c. 1512)

Pope Leo X and Nephew, Uffizi (1517-19)

The Madonna of Foligno, Vatican Gallery (1511-12)

The Madonna of the Chair ("della Sedia"), Pitti Palace (c. 1516)

The Madonna of the Curtain ("della Tenda"), Munich (c. 1514)

The Sistine Madonna, Dresden (c. 1516)

The Woman with a Veil ("La Donna Velata"), Pitti (c. 1515)

The Transfiguration, Vatican Gallery (1519-20)


Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564)


The Battle of the Centaurs, Casa Buonarroti, Florence (c. 1491)

The Madonna of the Stairs, Casa Buonarroti (c. 1491)

Angel with Candelabrum, Arca di S. Domenico, Bologna (1494-95)

St. Petronius, Arca di S. Domenico

St. Procolus, Arca di S. Domenico

Baccus, Bargello (1497)

Pietà, St. Peter's, Rome (1498-99)

David, Accademia, Florence (1501-04)


Sistine Ceiling: Book of Genesis (1508-1512)

Sistine Chapel: Judgment Day (1535-1541)


Francesco da Sangallo (1494-1576)

Virgin and Child with Saint Ann in Orsanmichele (1522-26)


Rosso Fiorentino (1495-1540)

Moses and Jethro's Daughters (Uffizi)

Angel playing lute


Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1571)




Bartolomeo Ammannati (1511-1592)

Fountain of Neptune in Piazza della Signoria (1577)


Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574)

The Uffizi

Frescos in Palazzo Vecchio (Florence)