Online resources

Manuscript Resources

None of the medieval texts we read originally appeared in the tidy, uniform format of the student edition. They all circulated in handwritten, unique manuscripts (with the exception of a few early printed texts). This material fact can greatly affect how we might read this literature intertextually and the kinds of assumptions we make about readerships.

Language Aids

Trying to read your first lines of Middle English on your own? Reading an edition that never glosses the words you don't understand? Preparing for an oral reading? Writing a paper and wanting to talk about Chaucer's use of a certain word? Start here to get a handle on Middle English comprehension, pronunciation, and syntax (i.e., word order).

Resources

I have gathered here a wide array of resources -- mostly digital, but some crucial print ones -- for the study of Middle English culture, language, and literature. Although students are my primary audience (I assign material from many of these websites in my courses), I also use these pages as a repository for the increasing number of excellent scholarly websites, especially but not exclusively digital editions, online indices and databases, and manuscript facsimiles. These pages are therefore constantly under construction, as I continue to add (and sometimes remove) content.
 

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