From The New Book of World Rankings (London: Fact on File, 1991) & The Illustrated Book of World Ranking (New York: Sharpe References, 1997)
Land mass: Italy = Georgia + Florida.
Population: U.S. = 280 million; Italy = 58.8 million.
Most populace countries in the world: U.S. = 3rd, Italy = 21st.
Density: U.S. = 73 people per square mile; Italy = 511 people.
Naples is the 10th densest city in the world; Milan is the 15th.
People per acre of cropland: U.S. = 0.52; Italy = 1.91.
Population Doubling Time: U.S. = 99 years; Italy = 3,465 years (Italy has the slowest PDT in the world).
Fertility rate: U.S. = 2.1 children per couple; Italy = 1.3 children per couple (2nd lowest in the world).
Birth rate: U.S. = 15.48 newborns for every 1000 people; Italy = 10.65/1000 (3rd lowest in the world).
Percent of population over age 65: U.S. = 12.7%; Italy = 17.5% (highest in the world).
Percent of population under age 15: U.S. = 21.5%; Italy = 17.3%.
Children born out of wedlock: U.S. = 29.5%; Italy = 6.3%.
Teenage pregnancy: U.S. = 97 pregnant teens per 1000 (highest in the world); Italy (not ranked among the top twelve nations).
Percentage of women using contraception: U.S. = 74%; Italy = 78%.
Infant mortality rate: U.S. = 8.3/1000; Italy = 7.8/1000.
Abortions: U.S. = 35.5 per 100 live births; Italy = 26.1 per 100 live births.
Marriage rate: 9/1000 (21st highest in the world); Italy = 4.8/1000 (97th highest in the world).
Divorce rate: U.S. = 4.7/1000 (4th highest in the world); Italy = 1.4/1000 (40th highest).
Average household size (family): U.S. = 2.6; Italy = 2.8.
Average life expectancy for women: U.S. = 79.29; Italy = 80.85 years
Average life expectancy for men: U.S. = 72.5; Italy = 74.2 years
Percentage of women in universities: U.S. = 50%; Italy = 45%
Percentage of women with college education: U.S. = 21.3% (highest in the world); Italy = 5.2% (7th highest).
Percentage of women in national legislature: U.S. = 10%; Italy 13%.
Percentage of female-headed households: U.S. = 32.3% (4th highest); Italy = ?
Female share of administrative and managerial positions as a percentage of male positions: U.S. = 67% (3rd highest); Italy = ?
Gender related development index (measures women's living standards and basic capabilities in a given country): U.S. = .90 (5th highest in the world, but trailing all four Scandinavian countries); Italy = .86 (14th in the world).
Gender empowerment measure (measure women's access to power): U.S. = .62 (8th highest); Italy = .58 (10th highest).
Female literacy rate: U.S. = 95.3%; Italy = 96.3%
Male literacy rate: U.S. = 95.7%; Italy = 97.9%
Teacher/student ratio in high school: U.S. = 1/11.6; Italy = 1/19.4.
Teacher/student ratio in colleges: U.S. = 1/16.6; Italy = 1/27.1.
Percentage of population in college: U.S. = 5.6% (2nd in the world); Italy = 2.8% (20th).
Percentage of college students enrolled in natural and applied sciences: U.S. = 14% (116th highest); Italy = 31% (79th highest).
Percentage of population 25 years or older with a college education: U.S. = 40% (2nd in the world); Italy = 4.1% (58th).
Percentage of the population that is Christian: U.S. = 71.47%; Italy = 83.55%
Percentage of the population that is Jewish: U.S.= 2%; Italy = less than 0.1%
Muslims living in U.S. = 5.06 million; in Italy = ?
African-Americans living in U.S. = 12%.
African-Italians living in Italy = 2%.
Percentage of physicians: U.S. = 1 out of every 350 people (5th highest); Italy = 1/193 (2nd highest).
People living in cities: U.S. = 73.7%; Italy = 66.5%.
Percentage of home owners: U.S. = 64.2%; Italy = 58.9%
Average no. rooms per dwelling: U.S. = 5.2%; Italy = 4.0
Physical Quality of Life Index: 98% for both countries, but Italy is ranked 13th in the world, the U.S. 15th.
Most powerful country in the world: U.S. = 1st and Italy = 21st.
Country with the greatest gold holdings: U.S. = 1st, Germany = 2nd, Switzerland = 3rd, France = 4th, Italy = 5th.
Gold product use: 1st Italy (473.3 tons); 2nd India; 3rd U.S. (219.4 tons).
SDR (Special Drawing Rights): the amount each country can draw from the International Monetary Fund (the amount is calculated on the basis of how much each IMF member contributes to that fund). The U.S. is 3rd in SDR, Italy is 14th.
National Debt: U.S. = $4.5 trillion; Italy = $100 billion.
Inflation: U.S. = 3.3%; Italy = 6.2%.
GNP (Gross National Product) is the most frequently employed measure of the production and total wealth and resources of a country. It is based on the total value of the goods and services produced in a nation during a specific period and also including the total spending by consumers and government plus gross private investment. U.S. is 1st; Italy is 5th in the world.
GDP (Gross Domestic Product) = GNP plus income earned in the country but sent abroad, minus income earned abroad but sent into the country. The U.S. is 1st; Italy is 5th in the world.
GNP per capita: U.S. = $25,860 per person (6th); Italy = $19,270 per person (15th in the world).
GNP annual growth: 2.1% in both U.S. and Italy.
Military spending as % of GNP: U.S. = 4.9%; Italy = 2.1%
Government revenues as % of GNP: U.S. = 20%; Italy = 36%
Education as % of GNP: U.S. = 5.3%; Italy = 5.4.
Foreign aid as % of GNP: U.S. = 0.5%
Government spending as % of GDP: U.S. = 23.8%; Italy = 53.4%.
Exports as % of GDP: U.S. = 10%; Italy = 23%.
The U.S. imports and exports more than any nation in the world; Italy is 6th in the world in both imports and exports.
U.S. exports to Italy: $7.2 million; Italy exports to U.S.: $12 million.
Balance of payments (external transactions between a country and the rest of the world): Italy = +$11 million (4th best in the world); U.S. = -$104 billion (148th)
Number of retail trade establishments (stores): U.S. (1st); Italy (5th).
Retail trade sales (merchandise sales): U.S. (1st); Italy (8th).
Per capita consumption (measures the total private and public expenditure in a nation): U.S. = $16,500 (3rd); Italy = $10,790 (14th).
Percent of national budget on Social Security & Welfare: U.S. = 20.6%; Italy = 28.5%.
Percent of national budget for health: U.S. = 12.4%; Italy = 10.4%.
Public health spending per capita: U.S. = $461; Italy = $417.
Percent of national budget on civil service: U.S. = 5.3%; Italy = 7.2%.
Percent of national budget on education: U.S. = ; Italy = 9.3%
Percent of national budget on military spending: U.S. = 26.4%; Italy = 5.2%.
Military spending: U.S. = $304,052,000,000; Italy = $20,720,000,000; the U.S. is 2nd in military spending; Italy is 8th in the world.
The U.S. spends $105,638 per soldier (4th in the world); Italy $20,969 per soldier (35th in the world).
Soldier/civilian ratio: U.S. = 8.9/1000; Italy = 6.7/1000.
Police/civilian ratio: U.S. = 1/350; Italy = 1/680.
Arms imports: U.S. = almost $2 billion; Italy = $200 million.
Arms exports: U.S. = 2nd in the world ($11.2 billion); Italy = 25th in the world ($60 million).
Percent of revenue from income taxes, profits, & capital gains: U.S. = 52.4%; Italy = 37.7%.
Percent of revenue from domestic taxes on goods & services (ad valorem (sales) tax, excise tax, etc): U.S. = 3.5%; Italy = 23.4%.
Percent of national income received by poorest 20% of population: U.S. = 4.2%; Italy = 6.2%.
Percent of national income received by richest 10% of population: U.S. = 28%; Italy = 28%
To U.S. = 39,772,000 foreign tourists (2nd highest, after France).
What tourists spend in U.S.: $56.5 billion (highest in the world).
To Italy = 55,131,098 (includes excursionists & cruise passengers) but only 26,679,000 arrivals at hotels and other accommodations (4th highest).
What tourist spend in Italy: $20.5 billion (3rd highest).
Americans spending abroad: $41.2 billion (1st in the world).
Italians spending abroad: $13.05 billion (5th in the world).
Labor output per hour: U.S. = $130; Italy = $133; Japan & U.K. = $144
Labor cost per hour: U.S. = $99; Italy = $143; Germany = $146; Japan = $161
Percent of women in labor force: U.S. = 65%; Italy = 44%
Percent of labor force in agriculture, fishing, and forestry: U.S. = 2.7%; Italy = 7.5%.
Percentage of labor in industry: U.S. = 18.1%; Italy = 20.4%.
Percentage of labor in service ("terzaria"): U.S. = 35.3%; Italy = 24.9%.
Percentage of organized labor in labor force: U.S. = 17%; Italy = 40%.
Percentage of self-employed labor: U.S. = 8.2%; Italy = 21.6%.
Percentage of unemployed: U.S. = 4.8%; Italy = 6%.
It costs as much to live in Naples as it does in Washington, D.C. It cost 13% more to live in Rome & Florence; 22% more to live in Genoa; and 26% more to live in Milan.
Rail (passenger) transportation traffic: U.S. = 14.000 billion miles (13th in world); Italy = 30.050 billion miles (8th in the world).
Rail freight traffic: U.S. = 3.72 trillion metric tons; Italy = 17.52 billion metric tons.
Merchant marine: U.S. = 28,850,600 (5th in the world); Italy = 12,407,100 (12th in the world).
Civilian aviation: U.S. = 480,463,000 (1st in the world); Italy = 18,429,000 (15th in the world).
Number of airports with scheduled flights: U.S. = 824; Italy = 36.
Miles of roads: U.S. = 3,891,781 miles; Italy = 187,223 miles.
Percentage of paved roads: U.S. = 88%; Italy = 100%.
Passenger car production: U.S. = 7,516,000 vehicles (2nd largest producer in the world); Italy = 1,653,000 vehicles (5th largest producer).
Cars on the road: U.S. = 146,314,000 (1st in world); Italy = 29,600,000 (4th in the world).
Number of people per motor vehicle: U.S. = 1.3 (2nd highest); Italy = 1.8 (9th highest).
Commercial vehicles: U.S. = 40,800,000 (world's leading producer); Italy = 1,915,830 vehicles (10th largest producer).
Commercial vehicles on road: U.S. = 59,227,000 (1st); Italy = 2,745,000 (10th in the world).
Motor vehicle accidents involving injuries: U.S. = 2,257,668 (1st in the world); Italy = 159,051 (8th in the world).
Deaths from motor vehicles: U.S. = 18.8 per 100,000 (9th highest); Italy = 15.1 per 100,000 (20th highest).
Ethnic Homogeneity rate: U.S. = 74%; Italy = 94%.
Crime rate: U.S. = 5,852 per 100,000; Italy = 4,358 per 100,000 people.
Murders: U.S. = 9.4 per 100,000; Italy = 6.4 per 100,000 people.
Sex offenses (including rape): U.S. = 41.2 per 100,000; Italy = 1.2 per 100,000 people.
Drug offenses: U.S. = ?; Italy = 53.4 per 100,000 people.
Theft: U.S. = 5,345.5 per 100,000; Italy = 2,796.7 per 100,000 people.
Corruption on a scale of 1 to 10 (1 = very corrupt; 10 = not corrupt): U.S. = 7.79; Italy = 3.
Percentage of population in prison: U.S. = .327% (highest in the world); Italy = .045% (19th highest).
Average daily calories per capita: U.S. = 3642; Italy = 3498.
Alcoholic liquors: U.S. = 7 liters per person a year; Italy = 8.4 liters.
Wine consumption: U.S. = 8.3 liters per person per year; Italy = 80 liters.
Beer consumption: U.S. = 95 liters (33.8 gallons) per person per year; Italy = 18.9 liters.
Meat consumption: U.S. = 112 lbs. per person per year (1st); Italy = 77 lbs. per person per year (8th).
Fish consumption: U.S. = 47 lbs per person per year; Italy = 44.3 lbs.
Milk consumption: U.S. = 122.5 per person; Italy = 80 per person.
Theater attendance: U.S. = 170 shows per 1000 people; Italy = 320 per 1000.
Movie attendance: U.S. = 3890 shows per 1000 people; Italy = 1550 per 1000.
Long films produced per year: U.S. = 345 (2nd in world); Italy = 115 (8th in world).
Titles (books) published annually: U.S. = 49,276 (4th in world); Italy = 26,620 (8th).
Number of daily newspapers: U.S. = 1586 (2nd in the world); Italy = 78 (25th in the world)
Newspaper circulation: U.S. = 240 newspaper per 1000 people (33rd in world); Italy = 105 per 1000 (66th).
Number of periodicals (magazines & journals): U.S. = 11,593 (2nd in world); Italy = 10,064 (3rd in world).
No. of people per T.V. set: U.S. = 1.2; Italy = 3.14
T.V. transmitters: U.S. = 6526; Italy = 2445
Radio transmitters: U.S. = 10,808 (most in the world); Italy = 2,151 (2nd in the world).
Percentage of people with computers: U.S. = 26.5% (highest in the world); Italy = 5.7% (12th highest).
Oil consumption: U.S. = 6,323,000,000 barrels; Italy = 708,000,000 barrels. The U.S. is the world's largest consumer of petroleum, Italy is the 4th.
Gas consumption: U.S. = 17 million barrels a day; Italy = 1.93 million barrels a day.
Greenhouse emissions (CO2, ozone, CFC, methane, etc.): U.S. = 21 tons per person (4th highest in the world); Italy = 9.5 tons (34th highest).
Sulfur & nitrogen emissions (from oil refineries): U.S. = 40.44 million metric tons (highest in the world); Italy = 4.4 million metric tons (6th highest).
Carbon monoxide (from motor vehicles, gas furnaces, etc.): U.S. = 8.95 tons per person; Italy = 3.53 tons per person.
Carbon emissions: U.S. = 5.25 tons per person (highest in the world); Italy = 1.8 tons per person (10th highest).
Increase of emissions from 1990 to 1994: U.S. = 4.4%; Italy = 0.8%.
Nuclear waste from spent fuel: U.S. = 2,100 metric tons (highest in the world); Italy = none!
Number of endangered species: U.S. = 2,379 (highest in the world); Italy = 241 (28th highest).
Protected areas: U.S. = 305,000 sq. miles (most in the world); Italy = 4,890 sq. miles (48th in the world).